Packaging Materials Management
Packaging is about 25% of waste landfilled in California. The diverse packaging material stream includes:
- Plastics #1-7
- Layered packaging that combines multiple materials into difficult-to-recycle items.
Recycling 75% of disposed packaging would reduce climate pollution equal to removing 3.2 million cars from the road every year, by CalRecycle estimates.
The average person generates 136 bags of packaging per year.
CalRecycle Packaging Programs
The department’s approach to managing packaging focuses on specific products such as:
CalRecycle will continue to encourage recycling a wider range of packaging materials.
Recyclable and Packaging Laws Move Towards a Circular Economy
Governor Newsom signed a suite of recycling laws in 2018, 2021, and 2022 to build the foundation for a circular, recycling economy within California that reduces trash and climate pollution.
SB 1335: Law defined recyclable and compostable food packaging for California state facilities that serve food. SB 343: Sets statewide recyclable criteria. Requires CalRecycle to collect new data on materials sorted for recycling in CA to help label products accurately. SB 54 Requirements by 2032: 25% cut in all packaging; 100% off all packaging either recyclable or compostable; 65% of all packaging actually recycled.
SB 1335 (Allen, Chapter 610, Statutes of 2018) requires state facilities to serve prepared food using reusable, recyclable, or compostable food service packaging.
SB 343 (Allen, Chapter 507, Statutes of 2021) builds on SB 1335 and creates new information sources that CalRecycle will use to help establish recyclability standards for SB 54.
SB 54 (Allen, Chapter 75, Statutes of 2022) is a landmark packaging law requiring producers to use 100% recyclable or compostable packaging by 2032.
Rigid Plastic Packaging Container (RPPC) Program
California’s Rigid Plastic Packaging Container (RPPC) law was enacted in 1991 to:
- Help cut the amount of plastic disposed of in California landfills and
- increase the use of postconsumer recycled plastic.
Producers of certain plastic packaging containers have the flexibility to comply with the law in different ways by meeting one of the compliance options, including using:
- 25% postconsumer material
- Less packaging
- A reusable or refillable container
- A plastic container meeting a 45% recycled content
- Other compliance methods
Sustainable Packaging for the State of California Act
Single-use food service packaging is a significant part of the packaging California dumps in landfills.
Single-use products can contaminate recycling and composting streams, making it harder to recycle truly recyclable items. They can also frequently end up littered as trash pollution, risking public health.
The groundbreaking law requires using prepared food using food service packaging that is reusable, recyclable, or compostable for:
- Food service facilities located in a state-owned facility
- Concessionaire on state-owned property
- Business under contract to provide food service to a state agency to dispense.
The Act further requires the department to establish criteria and a process for determining what types of food service packaging are reusable, recyclable, or compostable.
Over the past decade, CalRecycle conducted an extensive series of workshops and held meetings with industry stakeholders to identify ways to reduce the landfilling of all types of packaging materials. These efforts engaged stakeholders across the packaging value chain to identify and explore opportunities for a comprehensive packaging management strategy in California.
CalRecycle continues to stay engaged with stakeholders on evolving packaging policy.
Equipped with new information and criteria about how to accurately label their products, producers will be empowered to make the necessary changes in their manufacturing processes to create recyclable items that are sold in California. Interested members of the public can also use this information to understand which products in California are destined for recycling.