SB 54 Needs Assessment

Plastic Pollution Prevention and Packaging Producer Responsibility Act Needs Assessment

Give Your Input

  • CalRecycle is receiving public comments on various aspects of the needs assessment and welcomes your feedback.

SB 54 (Allen, Chapter 75, Statutes of 2022) requires CalRecycle to collaboratively develop a statewide needs assessment (PRC Section 42067), a comprehensive collection of:

  • Research studies
  • Data collection and analyses

This informs the actions and investments needed to reach SB 54’s goals to:

  • Cut California’s single-use plastic packaging and food service ware
  • Increase reuse and refill and
  • Recycle or compost the rest

 Assess & Evaluate Life Cycle of Materials


Producers Draft Plan to Meet Goals


Goals Achieved to Reduce Packaging Pollution by 2032

  • 25% Less 
  • 65% Recycling Rate
  • 100% Recyclable or Compostable

Needs Assessment Development

The needs assessment will evaluate the life cycle of materials covered by SB 54, including:

  • Product design
  • Reuse, refill, recycling, and composting systems
  • Responsible end markets

CalRecycle will develop the needs assessment with analysis by:

  • CalRecycle staff
  • Third-party contractors

CalRecycle anticipates releasing the initial needs assessment in late 2025.
CalRecycle is required to update the needs assessment every five years or as needed.

Producer Responsibility Organization

Information gleaned from this needs assessment will guide the Producer Responsibility Organization’s budget and plan detailing how California will meet the packaging and plastic pollution reduction goals of SB 54.
The producer responsibility organization is a nonprofit made up of producers of single-use packaging and plastic food service ware covered by SB 54. This organization is tasked with creating and implementing the plan to meet the SB 54 goals.

SB 54 Main Page

Needs Assessment Timeline


Collaborative Development of
Needs Assessment


Publish Assessment


Update Assessment
Every 5 Years or As Necessary


To ensure the needs assessment reflects the diverse needs faced by California’s urban, suburban, and rural communities, and different socioeconomic perspectives, CalRecycle will collaborate with interested parties:

  • Producer responsibility organization
  • SB 54 advisory board
  • Local governments
  • Recycling and composting service providers
  • Processors
  • Communities
  • Haulers and other transporters

Scope of the Needs Assessment

Under the statute, CalRecycle must perform analyses on many different topics, including:

  • Design of materials covered by SB 54
  • Source reduction, reuse, and refill
  • Collection
  • Processing for recycling
  • Processing for organics recycling
  • Responsible end markets
  • Consumer education
  • Public health and environmental justice
  • Funding needs and actions to meet goals

CalRecycle Will Conduct the Needs Assessment in Two Phases

Phase 1 includes evaluating the current system for managing materials covered by the law:

  • Current systems for recycling, composting, collection and hauling, including:
    • Processing capacity
    • Infrastructure
  • Existing access to on-premises recycling and composting for multi-family residences.
  • Current market conditions and availability of responsible end markets.
  • Existing state laws and funding sources.

Phase 2 includes identifying the actions and investments needed to meet the mandates of SB 54:

  • Provide sufficient access to:
    • Collection
    • Processing
    • Recycling
    • Composting
  • Expand and create viable, responsible end markets
  • Achieve the source reduction requirements, including investments needed to develop infrastructure for:
    • Reuse
    • Refill
  • Improve the design of materials covered by SB 54 to make them more recyclable and compostable.
  • Educate consumers on recycling, composting, reuse, and reduction.
  • Avoid and minimize environmental and public health impacts on communities.

For updates on the needs assessment, re-visit this page. Updates also will be sent out via the SB 54 listserv.  

Submit questions about this program to