Many businesses in California have zero waste goals, plans, and policies.

Zero Waste Principles for Businesses

From the Zero Waste International Alliance website:

  • Commitment to the triple bottom line.
  • Use Precautionary Principle.
  • Zero waste to landfill or incineration.
  • Responsibility: Takeback products and packaging.
  • Buy reused, recycled, and composted.
  • Prevent pollution and reduce waste.
  • Highest and best use.
  • Economic incentives for customers, workers, and suppliers
  • Products or services sold are not wasteful or toxic.
  • Use nontoxic production, reuse and recycling processes.

Case Studies and Resources


  • Total Resource Use and Efficiency (TRUE). A zero waste rating system, formally run by the U.S. Zero Waste Business Council and now administered by Green Business Certification Inc. (GBCI), that certifies business and professionals in zero waste.
  • Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute. Cradle to Cradle Institute administers the publicly available Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Product Standard, which provides designers and manufacturers with criteria and requirements for continually improving what products are made of and how they are made.
  • California Resource Recovery Association (CRRA). CRRA has partnered with the Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA) to deliver a “Zero Waste Principles & Practices” Certification Program for solid waste professionals, recycling coordinators, consultants, sustainability officers, and private and public employees.

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