Preparing Sampling and Analysis Plans

A sampling and analysis plan is intended to document the procedural and analytical requirements for sampling events performed to collect gas and soil samples and to characterize areas exceeding regulatory thresholds. A basic sampling plan should include the following elements:

  • Methodology
  • Equipment
  • Procedures
  • Locations
  • Decontamination Procedures
  • Sample Containers and Preservation
  • Disposal of Residual Materials
  • Analytes of Concern
  • Analytical Procedures
  • Anticipated Cost

Examples of Sampling and Analysis Plans

A selection of sampling and analysis plans. If you require assistance in obtaining access to this document, please use the contact information at the bottom of this page.


Sampling Log: Tracks where and when soil samples were taken, the sample identification number, and a physical description of the soil. It also has a place to record field survey data such as gas readings, pH, etc.

Trench Log: For drawing the cross-section of a trench and writing a physical description of the soil/ash/waste encountered. It also tracks the time, date, trench identification number, etc.


The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Technology Innovation Office provides information on technological and educational tools and materials such as project planning, and use of sampling and analytical technologies that serve to generate environmental data and aid in site characterization.