Sharps & Medication
Medication Waste Disposal
Medication Manufacturer and Collector Resources
- Model Program Guidelines and the Law
- Report to the Legislature
- Medication Waste Collected
- For More Information
Provisions of Senate Bill 966 (Simitian, Chapter 542, Statutes of 2007) govern home-generated pharmaceutical waste disposal. SB 966 required the California Department of Resources Recycling an Recovery (CalRecycle) to develop, in consultation with manufacturers, retailers, and appropriate government agencies, voluntary model program guidelines (PDF, 550 KB) for the collection and proper disposal of home-generated pharmaceutical waste. SB 966 stated, "Model programs deemed in compliance with this article shall be deemed in compliance with state law and regulation concerning the handling, management, and disposal of drug waste for the purposes of implementing the model program." Provisions of SB 966 remain in effect until January 1, 2013. For more information, go to the Criteria and Procedures Introduction page.
SB 966 required CalRecycle to submit a report to the Legislature that:
- Evaluated model programs for efficacy, safety, statewide accessibility, and cost effectiveness.
- Considered the incidence of drug diversion for unlawful sale and use, if any.
- Recommended potentially implementing a statewide program and statutory changes.
CalRecycle submitted a report to the California Legislature titled, Recommendations for Home-Generated Pharmaceutical Collection Programs in California.
A chart is available on pounds of medication waste that household hazardous waste programs collected and reported (PDF, 175 KB) since fiscal year 2007-08.
State and Federal Agencies
- California Department of Resources Recycling and
- Medication Waste Management Plan--information and timelines on CalRecycle's process implementing State law governing pharmaceutical waste disposal.
- Sharps Waste Disposal--information for self-injectors to locate facilities for proper sharps waste disposal and assists local governments in setting up collection programs.
- Health Care Industry Waste Reduction and Recycling--information on reducing pharmaceutical waste generated at health care facilities and how to dispose of waste.
- California Board of Pharmacy-- protects and promotes the health and safety of Californians by pursuing the highest quality of pharmacist care and the appropriate use of pharmaceuticals through education, communication, licensing, legislation, regulation, and enforcement. learn about the Board of Pharmacy's recommended pharmaceutical disposal method. (PDF, 161 KB)
- California Department of Public Health--helps protect the public and the environment from potential infectious exposure to disease-causing agents by regulating the handling, storage, treatment, and disposal of medical waste.
- California Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC)--information on pharmaceuticals and personal care products; their description, how they affect the environment, regulatory issues, and their proper disposal.
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency--a map and an alphabetically linked list of states and US territories websites related to solid and hazardous waste.
- The Drug Take-Back Network--lists of other state programs, event guidelines, case studies, and a waste inventory spreadsheet.
- Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant; Disposal of Unwanted Medicines: A Resource for Action in Your Community--case studies, event guidelines, public outreach resources, and more.
- Northeast Recycling Council (NERC)--unwanted medication collection guidance documents, case studies, policy positions, and presentations.
- Reducing Prescription Drug Misuse Through the Use of a Citizen Mail-Back Program in Maine--Executive Summary and Final Report (PDF, 17.2 MB).
- How Medicine Take-Back Works in Washington State--security protocols used in Washington State.
- Pharmaceutical Disposal Programs for the Public: A Canadian Perspective (PDF, 77.5 KB)
Video: Illinois high
school students help pass the Prescription Pill and Drug
Disposal (P2D2) bill.
Water is Life P2D2 - Prescription Pill and Drug Disposal Program, 8:10 min.
- Senate Bill 3129 (Simitian, Chapter 709, Statutes of 2012)--allows California counties to pass an ordinance, which would allow pharmacies or clinics to redistribute unsold/non-dispensed medication.
- Product Stewardship Institute (PSI)--publications on pharmaceuticals in the environment and PSI's effort to develop a national program requiring producers to be responsible for the collection and disposal of unwanted and expired medication.
- California Product Stewardships Council--resources, especially for California, on the problem, news and events, policy and legislation, what you can do to help, and other national and international links.
- No Drugs Down The Drain--information on the problem of improper medication disposal, how this is affecting the environment, and its statewide campaign to raise awareness.
- Teleosis Institute--information on why drugs are in our water, how they affect our environment, how they affect human health, why they go unused, and what we can do about this problem.
- Earth911.com--a comprehensive database of recycling locations accepting hundreds of products throughout the United States.
- Pharmwaste--national pharmaceutical waste management discussion listserv.
Stay informed about the latest developments in CalRecycle’s efforts to promote safe disposal of medication waste.
- Listserv: To receive periodic information about medication waste, subscribe to the Sharps and Medication Disposal Listserv.
- Contact: Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for questions or more information.
Sharps Waste Disposal Program http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/HomeHazWaste/Sharps/
Medication Waste Disposal http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/HomeHazWaste/Medications/